An excellent understory tree renowned for its sinuous trunks covered with smooth beech-like bark, dangling yellow catkins in spring are followed by loose chains of winged nuts that persist after leaf fall, thin leaves are finely toothed & turn wonderful shades of yellow and orange in the autumn, a preferred tree for hummingbird nesting, host plant for Red-spotted Purple or White Admiral (Limenitis arthemis), Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus), and Striped Hairstreak Butterfly (Satyrium liparops) butterflies, nuts are eaten by a variety of birds and animals, exceptionally strong wood, great woodland or specimen tree, suitable for bonsai (!). I love this tree and remember it from when I was a kid
15'-20’ tall (12-18' wide)
Plant Hardiness Zones: 3a-9b
Other names: Ironwood, Musclewood, Blue Beech
Native Range: s. QC & ON, south through MN and e. OK, to e. TX & c. FL
Germination - Difficult: Warm stratify 3 months them cold stratify 3 months. Some seeds will germinate after 1 cycle, some require 2.
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