One of our best known native small trees with lots of 4 to 5” showy white flowers from March through May, oval pointed leaves turn burgundy red in the fall at the same time the terminal clusters of berries are turning bright red, birds & other small critters really like the seeds (especially bluebirds!), even the bark of mature trees gets a lovely gray checkered pattern that is attractive & distinctive in the winter garden & forest (leading to one of our all time favorite bad puns – you can always tell a Dogwood by its bark!), larval food plant for one of our first butterflies of spring - the Spring Azure Butterfly (Celastrina-ladon) as well as the Summer Azure Butterfly (Celastrina neglecta ), suitable for bonsai (!). State flower of North Carolina & Virginia!
up to 25'tall & 15' Wide
Plant Hardiness Zones: 5a-8b
Native Range: c. MI to s. ON & s. ME, south to c. FL & e. TX. Rare in ME, NY & VT
Germination - Moderately Difficult: Soak overnight. Cold Stratify 12 weeks. Some may take 2 years.
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