Clusters of up to 15 white flowers per cane from May to June result in large quantities of delicious black fruit, leaves are typically palmately compound (like a hand) and turn burgundy in fall, thorny arching canes root at the tips, produces a tap root, can tolerate light shade but grows best in full sun, tolerates rocky soil and clay, attracts butterflies and pollinators including a wide varity of native bees as well as honeybees, host plant for several butterflies and moths including the Striped Hairstreak Butterfly (Satyrium liparops strigosum), very high wildlife value, berries eaten by a wide variety of birds and mammels (including us!).
Plant Hardiness Zones: 3b-8a
Native Range: Labrador across s QC & ON to n MN, south to OK, AR & n GA
Germination - Difficult: 3 months Warm then 3 months Cold Stratification. Needs warm soil to germinate. May take multiple years
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