Clusters of up to 15 white flowers per cane from May to June result in large quantities of delicious black fruit, leaves are typically palmately compound (like a hand) and turn burgundy in fall, thorny arching canes root at the tips, produces a tap root, can tolerate light shade but grows best in full sun, tolerates rocky soil and clay, attracts butterflies and pollinators including a wide variety of native bees as well as honey bees, host plant for several butterflies and moths including the Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops strigosum), very high wildlife value, berries eaten by a wide variety of birds and mammals (including us!).
Native Range: Labrador across s QC & ON to n MN, south to OK, AR & n GA
Germination - Difficult: Physically scarify & soak overnight then cold stratify 8 weeks. May take multiple years.
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